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Fitch Ratings Has Revised City Revenue Bond from "A+, Stable" to "A+, Positive"

Fitch Ratings-New York-09 August 2018: Fitch Ratings has affirmed the 'A+' rating on the following city of Salisbury, North Carolina (the city) bonds:
--$9.9 million combined enterprise system refunding revenue bonds, series 2010.
The Rating Outlook is revised to Positive from Stable.

SECURITY
The bonds are payable by a first lien on net revenues of the city's water and sewer system (the
system).

KEY RATING DRIVERS
MAINTENANCE OF SOLID FINANCES DRIVE POSITIVE OUTLOOK: The Positive Outlook on the rating reflects the maintenance of a strong financial profile relative to Fitch's 'A' rating category medians. The system has maintained strong liquidity and debt service coverage (DSC) after significant weakening due to the system's financial support of the city's broadband network (Fibrant). Management-provided forecasts point toward stability in the system's financial performance through fiscal 2022.

LOW LEVERAGE: The system's debt burden is low. Debt to net plant also compares favorably with 'A' category medians. Leverage is expected to remain low even with planned additional debt issuance to support close to 50% of the system's capital improvement plan (CIP).

RATE AFFORDABILITY PRESSURE: Rates have been raised steadily to preserve financial margins, resulting in user charges that are high relative to income levels for the service area. The system's elevated user charges could pressure future rate hikes.

AMPLE SUPPLY AND TREATMENT CAPACITY: The enterprise provides an essential service, and water supply and treatment capacity are well in excess of demand.

RATING SENSITIVITIES
CONTINUED STRONG FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: Continuation of the system's sound financial performance, coupled with strong cash balances and a low debt burden could result in upward rating movement.

CREDIT PROFILE
Salisbury, the seat of Rowan County, is located halfway between Charlotte and Greensboro on Interstate 85. Over the last decade, the system has transitioned into a regional water and sewer service provider. The system now serves an estimated population of about 53,942 spanning the city of Salisbury and eight other municipalities throughout Rowan County. Wholesale service is provided to Rowan County, as well as to Southern Power and some industrial sites beyond city limits.

SUSTAINED FINANCIAL STRENGTH
The Outlook revision to Positive from Stable reflects the system's sustained financial performance for the past five fiscal years. Financial improvement has been bolstered by annual rate increases. Fitch-calculated senior lien and all-in DSC was 3.6x and 2.2x respectively in fiscal 2017, which align comfortably with the 'AA' rating category medians. All-in DSC has increased each year since fiscal 2013, comfortably above the 'A' rating category median of 1.7x. Liquidity currently remains over 300 days cash on hand (DCOH), after it dropped to under 200
DCOH in fiscal 2013. The system's operating margin has averaged close to 40% for the past five years.
The system's financial profile improved after significant weakening due to the system's support for Fibrant. The utility system ceased contributing to Fibrant's operations in fiscal 2014, and Fitch's rating incorporates management's commitment not to provide future support. Fibrant was recently leased for 20 years to a Florida-based communications company called Hotwire. Beginning in fiscal year 2011, the system provided a cumulative $7.6 million of interfund loans to Fibrant (the current outstanding balance is approximately $6.8 million). Principal repayment from the broadband services fund commenced in fiscal 2016, and has incrementally increased to
$300,000 annually.
The authority's current financial forecast, which includes annual 0.5% water and sewer sale increases and 2% annual rate increases, is expected to yield continued strong DSC levels.

LOW LEVERAGE / MANAGEABLE CAPITAL NEEDS
The city has undertaken a 10-year capital improvement program (CIP); the five-year (fiscal 2019 to 2023) CIP totals approximately $47 million, about a $10 million increase over the fiscal 2017 to 2021 CIP. About 50% of the five-year CIP is expected to be debt-funded, with the remaining funded by pay-go.
The system benefits from extremely low leverage, and Fitch expects leverage to remain low, even incorporating future debt issuance. Debt to FADS was a very manageable 2.5x in fiscal 2017, well below the 'AA' rating category median of 5.5x. The system's debt also amortizes very rapidly, providing flexibility for the issuance of new debt. Debt to net plant was also a low 24% in fiscal 2017.

HIGH RATES
The combined residential bill (based on consumption of 7,500 gallons) registers a high 2.9% of median household income (MHI) for the city, although rates are considered more affordable regionally. Additionally, average residential consumption is much lower (approximately 3,325 gallons), which serves to slightly ease affordability concerns.
Management has used the CPI Urban South as an indicator for rate increases, and will use this method to determine rates going forward. Rates are approved by the board annually, and were last increased by 2.15% in fiscal 2018.
Rate flexibility will continue to be strained given planned rate increases coupled with a weak MHI that showed several years of contraction. MHI returned to growth in 2014, but remains much weaker than state and national averages. The county's MHI is more favorable.

REGIONAL WATER PROVIDER WITH AMPLE SUPPLY AND TREATMENT CAPACITY
The system's customer base is primarily residential. Close to 30% of total revenue is derived from the system's top ten users, but the majority are municipalities, somewhat mitigating the concern over concentration in revenue. Other major customers include a utility, hospitals and manufacturing entities.
The city operates one water treatment plant with capacity of up to 24 million gallons per day (mgd), well in excess of typical demand levels of 9.2 mgd for fiscal 2017. The Yadkin River provides the city with an abundant supply of water believed to be sufficient beyond 2050. The city owns and operates two wastewater treatment plants with a total treatment capacity of 12.5 mgd, comfortably above the average daily flow of 8.1 mgd for fiscal 2017.
Contact:
Primary Analyst
Nicole Wood
Director
+1-212-908-0735
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
33 Whitehall Street
New York, NY 10004
Secondary Analyst
Teri Wenck, CPA
Director
+1-512-215-3742
Committee Chairperson
Amy Laskey
Managing Director
+1-212-908-0568

A January 2018 district court ruling that dismissed claims regarding payment of Puerto Rico Highways and Transportation Authority debt has raised questions about the scope of protections provided by Chapter 9 of the U.S. bankruptcy code to bonds secured by pledged special revenues. Fitch's rating criteria treat special revenue obligations as independent from the related municipality's general credit quality. The outcome of the litigation could result in modifications to Fitch's approach. For more information, see "What Investors Want to Know: The Impact of the Puerto Rico Ruling on Special Revenue Debt" available at www.fitchratings.com

Media Relations: Sandro Scenga, New York, Tel: +1 212 908 0278, Email:
sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com.
Additional information is available on www.fitchratings.com
Applicable Criteria
Rating Criteria for Public-Sector, Revenue-Supported Debt (pub. 26 Feb 2018)
https://www.fitchratings.com/site/re/10020113
U.S. Water and Sewer Rating Criteria (pub. 30 Nov 2017)
https://www.fitchratings.com/site/re/10010508

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTPS://WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY'S PUBLIC WEB SITE AT WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA, AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH'S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE, AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE CODE OF CONDUCT SECTION OF THIS SITE. DIRECTORS AND SHAREHOLDERS RELEVANT INTERESTS ARE AVAILABLE AT HTTPS://WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM/SITE/REGULATORY. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

Copyright © 2018 by Fitch Ratings, Inc., Fitch Ratings Ltd. and its subsidiaries. 33 Whitehall Street, NY, NY 10004. Telephone: 1-800-753-4824, (212) 908-0500. Fax: (212) 480-4435. Reproduction or retransmission in whole or in part is prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved. In issuing and maintaining its ratings and in making other reports (including forecast information), Fitch relies on factual information it receives from issuers and underwriters and from other sources Fitch believes to be credible. Fitch conducts a reasonable investigation of the factual information relied upon by it in accordance with its ratings methodology, and obtains reasonable verification of that information from independent sources, to the extent such sources are available for a given security or in a given jurisdiction. The manner of Fitch's factual investigation and the scope of the third-party verification it obtains will vary depending on the nature of the rated security and its issuer, the requirements and practices in the jurisdiction in which the rated security is offered and sold and/or the issuer is located, the availability and nature of relevant public information, access to the management of the issuer and its advisers, the availability of pre-existing third-party verifications such as audit reports, agreed-upon procedures letters, appraisals, actuarial reports, engineering reports, legal opinions and other reports provided by third parties, the availability of independent and competent third- party verification sources with respect to the particular security or in the particular jurisdiction of the issuer, and a variety of other factors. Users of Fitch's ratings and reports should understand that neither an enhanced factual investigation nor any third-party verification can ensure that all of the information Fitch relies on in connection with a rating or a report will be accurate and complete. Ultimately, the issuer and its advisers are responsible for the accuracy of the information they provide to Fitch and to the market in offering documents and other reports. In issuing its ratings and its reports, Fitch must rely on the work of experts, including independent auditors with respect to financial statements and attorneys with respect to legal and tax matters. Further, ratings and forecasts of financial and other information are inherently forward-looking and embody assumptions and predictions about future events that by their nature cannot be verified as facts. As a result, despite any verification of current facts, ratings and forecasts can be affected by future events or conditions that were not anticipated at the time a rating or forecast was issued or affirmed. The information in this report is provided "as is" without any representation or warranty of any kind, and Fitch does not represent or warrant that the report or any of its contents will meet any of the requirements of a recipient of the report. A Fitch rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness of a security. This opinion and reports made by Fitch are based on established criteria and methodologies that Fitch is continuously evaluating and updating. Therefore, ratings and reports are the collective work product of Fitch and no individual, or group of individuals, is solely responsible for a rating or a report. The rating does not address the risk of loss due to risks other than credit risk, unless such risk is specifically mentioned. 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Fitch receives fees from issuers, insurers, guarantors, other obligors, and underwriters for rating securities. Such fees generally vary from US$1,000 to US$750,000 (or the applicable currency equivalent) per issue. In certain cases, Fitch will rate all or a number of issues issued by a particular issuer, or insured or guaranteed by a particular insurer or guarantor, for a single annual fee. Such fees are expected to vary from US$10,000 to US$1,500,000 (or the applicable currency equivalent). The assignment, publication, or dissemination of a rating by Fitch shall not constitute a consent by Fitch to use its name as an expert in connection with any registration statement filed under the United States securities laws, the Financial Services and Markets Act of 2000 of the United Kingdom, or the securities laws of any particular jurisdiction. Due to the relative efficiency of electronic publishing and distribution, Fitch research may be available to electronic subscribers up to three days earlier than to print subscribers. For Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and South Korea only: Fitch Australia Pty Ltd holds an Australian financial services license (AFS license no. 337123) which authorizes it to provide credit ratings to wholesale clients only. Credit ratings information published by Fitch is not intended to be used by persons who are retail clients within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 Fitch Ratings, Inc. is registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization (the "NRSRO"). 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